The fundamental freedoms necessary to popular selfgovernment in any form encourage diversity, and allow it to find full expression in the public sphere. For a wider discussion of Islamist parties and democracy, see Journal of Democracy, 19, no.
New York and London: Holmes and Meier. Howard Handelman and Mark A. For instance, an essential condition for democracy—a necessary, although obviously not sufficient condition—is universal suffrage. That we should allow abortion or euthanasia, or not?
Philippe C. PR is therefore both a strong influence for democratic quality and can itself be regarded as qualitatively superior to majoritarian elections.
Scholars often commit the same error. By the same token, these considerations also make a conclusive set of arguments for democratic principles and practices: on protective grounds, to protect societies against the common human failings which can prove so damaging in those who exercise political power over others; on participatory grounds, given the common capacities for reflective judgment about their own and the wider social good which all share.
His current research focuses on democratization and electoral governance in Mexico in comparative perspective.
Giovanni Sartori. Google Scholar Collier, Ruth Berins. They have been studying either behavioral, attitudinal, or structural foudnations of democratic consolidation.