Deductive method versus inductive method

If so then please leave a comment! The most important point to bear in mind when considering whether to use an inductive or deductive approach is firstly the purpose of your research; and secondly the methods that are best suited to either test a hypothesis, explore a new or emerging area within the discipline, or to answer specific research questions.

Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories.

Inductive and deductive approach in research methodology pdf

Example All dogs have fleas premise Benno is a dog premise Benno has fleas conclusion Based on the premises we have, the conclusion must be true. Currently under review. So, too, does research structure and inform theory. Therefore, all the coins in the bag are pennies. Formal and informal deterrents to domestic violence: The Dade county spouse assault experiment. Inductive approaches are generally associated with qualitative research, whilst deductive approaches are more commonly associated with quantitative research. This teaching method involves three general initiatives: planning the activity, executing the activity, and evaluating the outcome. Here is an example of each such case. While inductive and deductive approaches to research seem quite different, they can actually be rather complementary. We then tested our hypotheses by analyzing the survey data. Comparison: Deductive reasoning: Deductive reasoning works from the "general" to the "specific". This means that the teacher gives the students a new concept, explains it, and then has the students practice using the concept. Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses.

This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data -- a confirmation or not of our original theories.

This is also called a "top-down" approach.

inductive and deductive method of teaching science

We therefore administered a quantitative survey, the responses to which we could analyze in order to test hypotheses, and also conducted qualitative interviews with a number of the survey participants. Harold is bald. The authors analyzed data from focus groups with 20 young people at a homeless shelter.

However, you can never prove that flight will also be delayed. Basically, there is data, then conclusions are drawn from the data. Narrow down further if we would like to collect observations for hypothesis note that we collect observations to accept or reject hypothesis and the reason we do that is to confirm or refute our original theory.

I continue in this manner by recording student responses and adding additional examples. In the case of my collaborative research on sexual harassment, we began the study knowing that we would like to take both a deductive and an inductive approach in our work.

These two methods of reasoning have a very different "feel" to them when you're conducting research.

Steps in inductive method of teaching

It is assumed that the premises, "All men are mortal" and "Harold is a man" are true. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 28, 1— It often entails making an educated guess after observing a phenomenon for which there is no clear explanation. I'm ready to begin the lesson. Valid deduction is necessarily truth preserving. Deductive Approaches and Some Examples Researchers taking a deductive approach Develop hypotheses based on some theory or theories, collect data that can be used to test the hypotheses, and assess whether the data collected support the hypotheses. Informally, we sometimes call this a "bottom up" approach please note that it's "bottom up" and not "bottoms up" which is the kind of thing the bartender says to customers when he's trying to close for the night! The teacher must decide which to select given the learning outcomes desired and the composition of the class. If a deductive approach is chosen, it is important to structure the learning experience in order to draw on students' prior experiences and learning, and to provide for their active involvement. Deductive reasoning usually follows steps. Deduction is non ampliative. It opens with an expansive explanationand continues withpreediction for specific observations supporting it. Inductive reasoning, by its very nature, is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning. Therefore, Harold is mortal.
Rated 5/10 based on 92 review
Download
Deductive Reasoning vs. Inductive Reasoning