Queen elizabeth the spanish armada

Spanish armada map

Technological revolution The defeat of the Spanish Armada vindicated the English strategy and caused a revolution in naval tactics, taking advantage of the wind the "weather gage" and line-to-line cannon fire from windward, which exposed the opponent ship's hull and rudder as targets. The two sides squared off in a pair of naval duels near the coasts of Portland Bill and the Isle of Wight, but both battles ended in stalemates. Do not be deceived by anyone who may wish to persuade you otherwise. Worst of all, England was now a Protestant nation. Although not a celebrated sailor like Sir Francis Drake , Effingham was an able commander and had the support of the nobility. More Armada survivors later died in Spain or on hospital ships in Spanish harbours from diseases contracted during the voyage. Battle of Gravelines With the Armada out of formation, the English initiated a naval offensive at dawn on August 8.

The sudden arrival of the fireships caused a wave of panic to descend over the Armada. King Philip II, meanwhile, later rebuilt his fleet and dispatched two more Spanish Armadas in the s, both of which were scattered by storms.

These plans were thwarted when Elizabeth had the Queen of Scots imprisoned and executed in The beacons sent the message quicker than any horseman could ever ride, and by morning, London and the Queen knew that the day of reckoning had come.

Queen elizabeth spanish armada speech

Although the Queen had spent considerable amounts of money funding the Netherlands campaign, she now employed all her efforts in raising funds to ensure that when the Spanish Armada came, England would be prepared. However, the navy had been a priority of Elizabeth's throughout her reign, and when the Armada faced the British ships, they were in for a surprise. It took a day for the English fleet to regroup and the Armada gained a day's grace. In the English channel, the Spanish were suffering a humiliating defeat. The once-mighty flotilla was ravaged by sea storms as it rounded Scotland and the western coast of Ireland. Internal plots to overthrow her were especially rife in the s and the execution of her cousin Mary Queen of Scots for treason in had done little to calm matters down. History Extra. Fleeing north, the Armada was wracked by storms. Here her reign is measured by meaningful events, and in the Armada portrait, she is curiously, magnetically androgynous in being both a woman in body but a divinely appointed king in her actions. Do not be deceived by anyone who may wish to persuade you otherwise. Supplies of food and water ran short. On July 28, England defeated Spain in a decisive battle, preventing the Spanish from landing in England. The beacons sent the message quicker than any horseman could ever ride, and by morning, London and the Queen knew that the day of reckoning had come. A change of wind gave the Spanish the weather gage, and they sought to close with the English, but were foiled by the smaller ships' greater maneuverability. The failure of the expedition depleted the financial resources of England's treasury, which had been carefully restored during the long reign of Elizabeth I.

England was helping Spain's Dutch rebels and English ships, under the command of Sir Francis Drake, to attack Spain's treasure fleet as they returned from the Caribbean. The wise, calm, magnificent Elizabeth steered her ships to victory, while those of her enemy crashed and burned.

who won the spanish armada

This invasion force was sent by her rival and brother-in-law, Philip II, to take the English throne and revert England to Catholicism in The remaining heavy vessels were mostly armed carracks and hulksalong with 34 light ships.

Froude —rejected Hume's interpretation and argued that Elizabeth was vacillating and almost lost the conflict by her unwillingness to previously spend enough to maintain and supply the Royal Navy's fleet of ships.

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Spanish Armada defeated