The reign of king louis xiv
Legally the take over meant that the king again performed the most important duties previously performed by the prime minister, and in particular that he personally agreed to all expenses.
Louis xiv facts
On July 14, riots broke out in Paris and crowds stormed the Bastille prison in a show of defiance toward the King. Bossuet believed there was a difference between absolute monarchy and arbitrary monarchy. You [secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. Louis got his first child with his wife Maria Theresia on 1 November , but also started to make his court elsewhere. At the same time he regarded himself as God's deputy in France and would allow no challenge to his authority, from the Pope or anyone else. Furthermore, they believed their traditional influence and authority was being usurped by the recently ennobled bureaucrats the Noblesse de Robe, or "nobility of the robe" , who administered the kingdom and on whom the monarchy increasingly began to rely. A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. To let this situation endure would however mean that his decisions about who would get paid were less important than those of Fouquet. He detested inefficiency, corruption, and the abuse of privilege and stamped them out wherever he encountered them. Beaufort, who had escaped from the prison where Anne had incarcerated him five years before, was the military leader in Paris, under the nominal control of Conti.
Moreover, a mob of angry Parisians broke into the royal palace and demanded to see their king. This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne.
Louis xiv children
Louis has been criticized by some historians for turning the French nobility into gilded parasites, but it may be doubted, as the Fronde demonstrated, whether they were fit to play any more constructive role. Anne wanted to give her son absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. The French army suffered terrible defeats on the battlefield, while at home the population suffered from taxation and even hunger. It seems that thereupon his mother or perhaps Henriette herself took measures to avoid scandal. His shyness kept him distant from her in private, and his fear of her manipulation made him cold to her in public. Late sixteenth century political theorists believed that sovereign power consisted of the authority to make laws, tax, administer justice, control the state's administrative system, and determine foreign policy. The superbly planned invasion of the United Provinces almost succeeded, and the subsequent general war ended with France victorious at the truce of Regensburg in His concept of his royal position was undoubtedly arrogant, but he was always conscious of his duty as king and sincerely believed that he was devoting himself to the wellbeing of his subjects. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation. They were re sponsible to no one including parliaments except God. Bossuet believed there was a difference between absolute monarchy and arbitrary monarchy. Since kings received their power from God, their authority was absolute. In the s he indulged in some patronage of writers, but his benevolence was capriciously bestowed, frequently on secondrate men, and it dried up almost entirely when economic conditions worsened after Following the death of his parents, Louis' tutors provided him with poor interpersonal skills. War broke out in April
Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. The arrest was planned to coincide with a trip to Brittany, so the guard regiments would in striking distance of Fouquet's fortress at Belle-Isle.
Other parts of the royal income were at the disposals of local governors.
Today he remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. Louis has been criticized by some historians for turning the French nobility into gilded parasites, but it may be doubted, as the Fronde demonstrated, whether they were fit to play any more constructive role.
This was the War of the Spanish Succession.
Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France. While he frequently displayed gross and even brutal selfishness, he was courteous, considerate, and good-natured, and he showed great loyalty to his friends and his servants.
King louis xiv brother
His mother, who was well aware of Louis's proclivity for fun and games and getting into the beds of the maids in the royal palace, laughed aloud at these words. But the country had suffered years of appalling hardship; the population was sharply reduced by famine; industry and commerce were at a standstill; and the peasantry was crushed by an unprecedented load of taxation. The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both customs duties , the gabelle a tax on salt , and the taille a tax on land. Louis did not allow the pursuit of pleasure to interfere with his professional duties; all his life he worked indefatigably at the business of government. Much of Louis's success rested less on the modernization of ad ministrative machinery, as is frequently claimed, than on his clever and adroit manipulation of the traditional priorities and values of French society One of Louis' more infamous decrees was the Grande Ordonnance sur les Colonies of , also known as the Code Noir "black code". Instead of the easy triumph he had expected, he found himself faced by dogged Dutch resistance, resolutely led by William of Orange and supported by a growing number of allies.
based on 98 review