The yukon discoveries
Klondike gold rush map
Improvements in transportation and communications helped open the territory to greater exploration and development, while increased public interest in the area prompted a great expansion of government services and an increased influx of tourists. He discovered new sources of gold there, which would prove to be even richer than those on Bonanza. In the Canadian Parliament separated the rapidly growing area from the Northwest Territories and gave it separate territorial status. In , it was so well known that a correspondent from the Chicago Daily Record came to visit. Although no new gold deposits were located, other minerals were discovered. The process was repeated until the gold was reached. Lastly, the most foolhardy took the "all-Canadian" routes through British Columbia or out of Edmonton, and some ended up spending two years on the trail. Steps were cut into the ice at the Chilkoot Pass which could be used for a daily fee, this 1, step staircase becoming known as the "Golden Steps". While some made money off miners by working as guides and helping haul supplies, they also fell victim to new diseases such as smallpox and the introduction of casual drinking and drunkenness. Carmack took credit for the find, staking the discovery claim — the first claim on the creek — which entitled him to a second claim. Many stampeders kept diaries of their gold rush journey.
Some chose to sell their equipment and return south. Miners already on the scene staked every creek or "pup" in the Klondike River and Indian River watersheds, including the fabulously rich Eldorado.
There were a few more trails established during from South-east Alaska to the Yukon River. The new town of Dawson at the mouth of the Klondike, with a floating population of some 30 people, became the largest community north of Seattle and west of Winnipeg.
The yukon discoveries
Visit Website Regardless of who spotted the gold first, the three men soon found that the rock near the creek bed was thick with gold deposits. However, their price depended on whether they had been yet proved to contain gold. The gold-mining industry was subsequently reorganized by companies that brought in large-scale mechanical mining techniques. The indigenous peoples in north-west America had traded in copper nuggets prior to European expansion. Travel in general was made difficult by both the geography and climate. Prostitution was tolerated; saloons, dancehalls and gaming parlours ran in broad daylight, except on Sundays. The gold rush also severely impacted the Native people. The closest mining recorder was at Forty Mile, 80 km away. Chalmers to build a trail, which became known as the Klondike Trail or Chalmers Trail. Although Carmack was widely credited as the discoverer, Skookum Jim was probably the one who actually found the gold. The gold rush and territorial status During the early s, gold discoveries on tributaries of the Yukon River attracted prospectors to the area.
Yukon Archives, GOVp. On August 16, while camping near Rabbit Creek, Carmack reportedly spotted a nugget of gold jutting out from the creek bank.
Klondike gold rush timeline
Eventually council members came to be elected rather than appointed, although the commissioner retained ultimate administrative authority. Finally, there was the Stikine route starting from the port of Wrangell further south-east of Skagway. His lucky discovery sparks the last great gold rush in the American West. In the federal minister responsible for Yukon instructed the commissioner to withdraw from executive decision making in favour of the elected leader of the majority in the legislature which was by then called the Legislative Assembly. As political parties became active in the territory, demands for increased local control over governmental decision making became more insistent. After crossing Chilkoot or White Pass, prospectors had to build or rent boats and brave hundreds of miles of winding Yukon River rapids to reach Dawson City in the Yukon Territory, Canada, where they hoped to set up camp and stake their claims. The new town of Dawson at the mouth of the Klondike, with a floating population of some 30 people, became the largest community north of Seattle and west of Winnipeg. The Klondike could be reached only by the Yukon River, either upstream from its delta, downstream from its head, or from somewhere in the middle through its tributaries. This route went up the uneasy Stikine River to Glenora, the head of navigation. An alternative to the South-east Alaskan ports were the All-Canadian routes, so-called because they mostly stayed on Canadian soil throughout their journey. Most of the tribes were aware that gold existed in the region, but the metal was not valued by them. Yukon Archives, Gillis family fonds, A horse at the bottom turned a wheel, which pulled a rope running to the top and back; freight was loaded on sledges pulled by the rope. They staked their claim the following day. The White Pass was not as steep or rugged as the Chilkoot, but it was new, narrow and clogged and slippery with mud.
Carmack took credit for the find, staking the discovery claim — the first claim on the creek — which entitled him to a second claim. Countless miners had already left Yukon Territory penniless, leaving gold-mining cities such as Dawson and Skagway in rapid decline.
Hoping to cash in on reported gold strikes in AlaskaCarmack had traveled there from California in The discovery led to the great gold rush of the late s, at the peak of which the nearby settlement of Dawson grew into a city of some 25, people.
The effect on the depressed economy was immediate, as hoarded funds were freed to finance some amateur gold seekers who headed north that fall and winter.
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