The increased supply of wine to the United States lowers its price on the U. The strength of reinforcement or punishment is dependent on schedule and timing. Many of the motivational theories that arose during the s and s were either based on Hull's original theory or were focused on providing alternatives to the drive-reduction theory, including Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which emerged as an alternative to Hull's approach.
Therefore, alternative attractiveness can moderate the effects of regret and dissatisfaction with switching intention"  And so, pull motivation can be an attracting desire when negative influences come into the picture.
In more Westernized communities, where segregation between adults and children participating in work related task is a common practice. Maslow's hierarchy of needs[ edit ] Maslow's Pyramid Content theory of human motivation includes both Abraham Maslow 's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg 's two-factor theory.
Pull[ edit ] Pull motivation is the opposite of push. For simplicity, we assume there are no transportation costs to move the products across borders.