Writing a results and discussion section

Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid.

Dissertation discussion example

So, how do you tackle this? Subheadings need to be informative but not too long. This clearly indicates to the reader how you have addressed your study. They gradually build suspense, then surprise you with a dramatic plot twist just when you thought you'd sussed the story line. Finding this balance is important. Findings can only confirm or reject the hypothesis underpinning your study. If you have used multiple different instruments to collect data e. The Writing Center. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. Tornquist E. It would be interesting to be in the controversial side as long as you have done your study systematically and bias is reduced to a minimum. But even if you're new to it, try and get to grips with what critical thinking entails and use it in your work.

One elegant way to express the desired part of the need is to combine it with the task in a single sentence. Be honest in presenting information even if the result is unexpected.

dissertation findings and discussion example

Are the results of statistical analysis presented? It is often the case that your analysis holds the most weight in the marking scheme. Critical thinking It is difficult to put into words how important the critical thinking element is to your discussion chapter.

Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. You need to tell them what they need to know right from the beginning. To reach their goal, papers must aim to inform, not impress.

Anesth Analg ; Papers reporting something other than experiments, such as a new method or technology, typically have different sections in their body, but they include the same Introduction and Conclusion sections as described above.

The introduction The introduction reproduced here exhibits the four components that readers find useful as they begin to read a paper. For the object of the document, use the document itself as the subject of the sentence: this paper, this letter, etc.

How to write discussion in thesis ppt

Materials and methods This paragraph of materials and methods expresses the main idea first, in a topic sentence, so readers immediately know what it is about. Not only are you using information that you have already documented, you are telling a story in each of your sections which can be useful in qualitative research. Johnson SH. All data was collected by the principal investigators in a blinded fashion, rating PONV using a visual analogue scale of 0 to Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings. This section is all about how you have 1 answered your research questions and 2 positioned yourself within the larger field of research. In the Introduction section, state the motivation for the work presented in your paper and prepare readers for the structure of the paper. Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files.

With a few clicks and keyboard taps, a beautiful graph, figure or table can appear in your document. Look forward Implications for patient care, or for theory Suggestions for future research "If I had to do it over I would

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How to write the most effective results and discussion sections